Structured cabling is a complete cabling and hardware system that provides a comprehensive telecommunication infrastructure to help an organization run its networking tasks. In a more literal sense, it is the standardized equipment and architectural environment as presented by the TIA/EIA Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard. The standards are used as a guide by manufacturers to ensure interoperability.
Structured cabling is used in a range of areas, including data centres, manufacturing facilities, offices, and many others. The system serves a wide range of purposes, such as data transmission and telephone service.
A properly designed and well-maintain structured cabling infrastructure can provide the system predictable performance in addition to the flexibility to accommodate changes, provide redundancy, the capacity to maximize system availability, and the ability to improve the usability of the cabling system in the future.
How Structured Cabling System Is Established
Structured cabling system is an organized approach to a cabling infrastructure using a series of patch panels and trunks. The overall design of the infrastructure is unique in each cabling system. The variations may come from the architectural design of the building or room housing cabling system, the function of the system, the cables and connection products used, the type of equipment the system will support, the configuration of the system, and the specific requirements of users.
While there may be slight variations in the design of the system, each infrastructure is developed as per the standards of cabling design, installation, and maintenance to ensure acceptable system performance.
What are the Main Components of Structured Cabling System?
A structured Network Cabling System typically comprises the following components:
- Cable pathways, including raceways, conduits, shafts, and floor penetrations
- The actual cables consisting of twisted copper, optical fibre, coaxial copper or a combination of these
- Connecting hardware, such as connecting blocks, cross connections, patch panels, interconnections, or a combination of these
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